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  • NamePeter Paul Rubens
  • Activity/Titlekonstnär
  • Sexmale
  • Nationality/DatesFlemish, born 1577, dead 1640
BiographyPeter paul rubens was born June 28th 1577 in
Siegen, Westphalia as the son of the lawyer Jan
Rubens and Maria Pypelinckx. The couple had emigrated
to Cologne in 1567 for religious reasons. They
stayed in Siegen for a short time but the year after
Rubens’ birth they were back in Cologne and around
1588 after the death of his father the family returned
to Antwerp. Rubens converted to Catholicism and
entered a Latin school, where he studied the classics.
He received his training as a painter in the studio of
the landscape painter Tobias Verhaecht for six months
in 1592 and later until 1596 with the portrait painter
Adam van Noort. After working briefly in the workshop
of Otto van Veen in 1598 he received the title of
Master and became a member of the Antwerp Guild
of St. Luke.
In May 1600 Rubens went to Italy where he
became court painter to the Duke of Mantua, Vincenzo
I Gonzaga. In 1603–1604 he was sent on a
diplomatic mission to the Spanish Court, where he
had the opportunity to admire the many Titians in
the collection of Philip III.
Rubens served the duke of Mantua for eight years
but he also visited other Italian cities such as Milan,
Venice, Florence and Genoa. In Genoa he worked for
distinguished Genoese families and painted several
full-length portraits. He spent lengthy periods working
in Rome, where he was able to study classical
sculpture and works by Raphael and Michelangelo.
Here he also met fellow artists such as Paul Bril and
Adam Elsheimer. Rubens’ most important commission
during his stay in Italy was the painting for the
high altar in the chiesa Nuova (Santa Maria in Valicella).
On his return to Antwerp at the end of 2008
Rubens quickly became the city’s leading painter. In
1609 he became a member of the Antwerp Guild of
Romanists and was appointed court painter to the
stadthoulder Albert and Isabella in Brussels. In the
same year he married Isabella Brant. In 1610 he
bought a large house at the Wapper which he remodelled
creating a spacious studio, galleries for his art
collection and a garden. He received several important
commissions from churches, among the most
important The Raising of the Cross (1610–1616) for the
high altar in the Church of St. Walburga and The
Deposition from the Cross (1611–1614) for the Cathedral.
He set up a large workshop with many collaborators
and assistants who worked from his drawings
and oil sketches, among them Anthony van Dyck,
who was his assistant c. 1617–1620. Alongside his
religious commissions Rubens painted history paintings
with mythological motifs and scenes from classical
literature. He also made book illustrations, designs
for tapestries, models for sculpture and collaborated
with engravers in order to multiply his compositions
in print. He continuously deepened his knowledge of
classical literature and he wrote in Latin, English,
French, Italian and Dutch while maintaining extensive
correspondence with scholars.
In connection with commissions and diplomatic
activities Rubens continued to travel abroad, to Paris
between 1622 and 1625 where he painted the Medici
Cycle, a series of 24 large paintings for the Palais du
Luxembourg. He travelled to Madrid and London
between 1628 and 1630. In Madrid he took advantage
of the opportunity to make copies after Titian’s paintings.
In June 1626 Isabella Brant died and in 1630
Rubens remarried the 16-year-old Helena Fourment.
In 1635 Rubens acquired the country estate of Het
Steen near Mechelen where he spent his last years
with his wife and children. He painted a number of
landscapes during these years that reflect his great
love of nature. In 1634–1635 together with other
Antwerp artists he created the festival decorations for
the triumphal entry into Antwerp in 1635 of the new
governor, the Cardinal Infante Ferdinand of Austria.
In 1636 Rubens became court painter to Philip IV in
Spain and in the same year he was engaged in the
decoration of the Spanish King’s hunting lodge, Torre
de la Parada, near Madrid. He also worked for the
court of England where he executed the ceiling paintings
in the Banqueting Hall in Whitehall, London.
He was knighted by Charles I. Rubens died at the end
of May 1640 and was buried in the church of St.
Jaques in Antwerp.
Work
The Four Fathers of the Latin Church
Susanna and the Elders
The Andrians
  • The Andrians

  • Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 200 x 215 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 237 x 252 x 16 cm
  • Artist: Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish, born 1577, dead 1640
  • NM 600
The Adoration of the Magi
Head of Christ
Samson and the Lion. Study
Cecrops' Daughters Finding Erichtonius. Sketch
Esther and Ahasuerus
Drunken Silenus
  • Drunken Silenus

  • Oil on oak
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 49 x 64 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 77 x 91 x 10 cm
  • Artist: Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish, born 1577, dead 1640. Manner of
    Former attribution: Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish, born 1577, dead 1640. Circle of
  • NM 612
Henrik IV (1553-1610), kung av Frankrike
Henrik IV (1553-1610), kung av Frankrike
The Last Judgement
Portsätt av spanskt statsråd, Le Roi Philippe
Studiehuvuden
Den botfärdiga Magdalena
Korsfästelsen
Minervas och Neptunus dispyt
Batalj
  • Batalj

  • Kopparstick på papper
  • Mått [tryckyta]: (h x b) 44 x 60 cm
  • Inventor: Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish, born 1577, dead 1640
  • NMG dep 60/1922
Den flamländska dansen
Christ and the four Penitents
Le couronnement de la Reine
Ladislav
  • Ladislav

  • Kopparstick på papper
  • Mått [tryckyta]: (h x b) 42,5 x 31,5 cm
  • Exekutor: Paulus Pontius, Netherlands, born 1603, dead 1658-01-16
    Inventor: Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish, born 1577, dead 1640
  • NMG dep 2/1978
Vinjett, i centrum ruvande höna omgiven av Minervas och Merkurii huvuden, textband
Sigismund, 1566-1632, kung av Sverige och Polen
Sigismund I/III, king of Sweden and Poland
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