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  • NameSalvator Rosa
  • Sexmale
  • Nationality/DatesItalian, born 1615, dead 1673
BiographySalvator Rosa was active not only as a painter and
engraver, but also as a poet, satirist and actor. He
was born in Naples, where he was trained to execute
battle scenes, landscapes and genre pictures
by his brother-in-law Francesco Fracanzano and
by Aniello Falcone. Jusepe de Ribera’s realism
profoundly influenced Rosa, and an apprenticeship
with the Spanish painter is possible. Rich
and expressive brushstrokes, dark tones and
dramatic chiaroscuro distinguished Rosa’s technique,
and according to the biographer Giovanni
Battista Passeri he made oil sketches on paper directly
from nature. In 1635 Rosa moved to Rome,
where he initially enjoyed the patronage of Cardinal
Francesco Maria Brancacci. There he came
into contact with and was inspired by the works
of the Bamboccianti, though he later rejected their
low-life subjects. In the late 1630s Rosa’s style
became more classical, inspired by the examples
of Nicolas Poussin and Claude Lorrain. Dating
from 1640 are the pendants Landscape with
Erminia and Harbour Scene (Galleria Estense,
Modena), painted for Francesco I d’Este, Duke
of Modena. During the 1640s Rosa was in Florence
at the invitation of Cardinal Giovanni Carlo
de’ Medici. Works from this period include some
of his allegorical portraits, such as Lucrezia as Poetry
(Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford), and his
paintings with scenes of witchcraft, like the Scene
of Witches (National Gallery, London). In 1649
Rosa returned to Rome, where he endeavoured to
gain acceptance as a history painter, with works
like the Death of Atilius Regulus from about 1652
(Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond). In the 1650s
and early 1660s Rosa created a series of grand
and rugged landscapes of the kind for which he
is most celebrated, and increasingly his works
became more expressive. The Finding of Moses
(Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit) is from 1660.
Work
Landscape with Hagar and Ismael
Landscape with Tobias and the Angel
Shepherd Playing the Pipe
Mercury and Argus
  • Mercury and Argus

  • Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 110 x 80 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 119 x 87 x 4 cm
  • Artist: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673
  • NM 159
Landscape with Water
Landscape with a Ruin
Mountainous Landscape
Ships in a Gale
Harbour Scene
  • Harbour Scene

  • Olja på duk
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 72 x 94 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 108 x 131 x 8 cm
  • Artist: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673. Circle of
    Former attribution: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673
  • NM 250
The Abandoned Oidipus
  • The Abandoned Oidipus

  • Ink and white hightening on panel
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 65 x 45 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 74 x 55 x 4 cm
  • Artist: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673
    Former attribution: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673. Attributed to
  • NM 6839
Sydländskt landskap
Landskap med Tobias och ängeln
The Magdalen carried by Angels
Barnet Oidipus räddning
Diogenes
Heroiskt landskap med staffage
  • Pen and brown ink, grey wash on paper
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 20,5 x 24 cm
  • Artist: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673. Uncertain attribution to
  • NMH 1650/1875
Landskap
Jason Bewitching the Dragon
  • Jason Bewitching the Dragon

  • Pen and brown ink, brown wash on paper
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 31 x 19,8 cm
    Passepartout: (h x b) 55 x 42 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 60 x 47 x 3,
  • Artist: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673
  • NMH Anck 400
A seated man facing left with his left hand in his pocket
Sittande ung man
  • Sittande ung man

  • Etsning, torrnål
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 14,6 x 9,8 cm
  • Executed between c. 1655 and 1657
  • Artist: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673
  • NMG B 553/1990
Diogenes kastar skålen
Mercury and Argus
  • Mercury and Argus

  • Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 72,5 x 48 cm
  • Made 18th century
  • Copy after: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673
    Former attribution: Salvator Rosa, Italian, born 1615, dead 1673. Attributed to
  • NM 7145
Konstnärens portrait
Lancscape with three figures under a tree
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